Cannabis 101

Cannabis Education: Cannabis 101

1What are the different species of the Cannabis plant?

Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Ruderalis.

2What are the differences between Sativa, Hybrid and Indica?

Cannabis Sativa is a species of cannabis that originated from areas around the equator. The Cannabis Sativa plant typically grows tall in structure, has narrower leaves and has a longer flowering cycle that is better suited for warmer climates with a longer growing season. The Cannabis Indica species originated in the Hindu Kush region of Afghanistan. Cannabis indica plants tend to grow shorter in stature, have broader leaves, a shorter flowering cycle that is suitable for colder climates with a shorter growing season. A hybrid cannabis plant is one that has intentionally cross bred by humans to have both Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica in its genetics. Most varieties of cannabis today are hybrids.

In the commercialization process of cannabis, the terms Sativa, Indica and Hybrid have been used to define the effects a person will experience after consuming that cannabis labeled as such. It is a common misperception that all Indica strains will give a more sedative, relaxing effect while Sativa strains have come to be known as uplifting and energetic. Scientifically speaking, this is an inaccurate application of the terms Sativa, Indica and Hybrid. The accurate way to deduce the sort of effects a cannabis strain will have is to look at the cannabinoid and terpene content. Our page Cannabis Education: cannabinoids and terpenes is here to help you gain a better understanding of how these cannabis compounds work to define your experience. If you use the terms Indica and Sativa to describe the effects you are looking for in a cannabis strain, no worries! The Urban Farmacy team understands the commercialized meaning of these words and can translate that into helping you find a cannabinoid and terpene profile that is just right for you!

3What makes a person feel high after ingesting cannabis?

Each person has an Endogenous Cannabinoid System (ECS). Cannabis contains phytocannabinoids which are very similar to our own naturally occuring, or endogenous cannabinoids. When you ingest cannabis, the phytocannabinoids bind to the receptor sites of the ECS - leading to the effects of cannabis. For more in-depth information visit the cannabis education pages about Cannabinoids and the Endogenous Cannabinoid System.

4What makes the effects of each cannabis strain so different?

Each strain, has its own unique cannabinoid and terpene profile. Our page Cannabis Education: cannabinoids and terpenes is here to help you gain a better understanding of how these cannabis compounds work to define your experience.

5How can the same strain from different growers be different?

There can be many different phenotypes of each strain. This means that there can be observable physical and biochemical differences in an organism due to genetic and environmental influences. It is even highly likely that if two growers took two cuttings off the same plant and grew them in their own unique grow rooms, with different environmental conditions and nutrients, the final cannabis flowers would turn out different. Urban Farmacy suggests you keep track of both your favorite strains and your favorite growers.

6What is a Landrace Strain?

A landrace strain is a strain of cannabis that has grown wild and free, in its native environment, with little or no interference from humans for thousands of years. Most all landrace strains will be 100% Sativa or 100% Indica as they maintain remarkable consistency with little variation. Landrace strains grow in their country or region of origin. Some examples of landrace Sativa strains are Acapulco Gold and Panama Red names for the regions they originated from. One example of a landrace Indica strain is Hindu Kush also named for the region it originated in.

7How can I select a strain that is right for me?

The first step to discovering which strains work best for you is to share your desired cannabis effects with your Urban Farmacy budtender. Our budtenders are trained to both educate you and help you find the best strains to experiment with for your specific situation. One option is to keep a journal of the effects you experience from each different cannabis strain, also noting the grower and the specific terpene profile.

8If I don’t want to smoke cannabis, what are my alternative options?

There are a variety of ways to consume cannabis other than smoking: edibles, tinctures, Rick Simpson Oil, sublingual drops and mouth sprays, transdermal patches, topicals and cannabis extract vaporizer pens. Check out our cannabis education pages for more information about each of these methods of using cannabis.

9I’ve never been to a cannabis dispensary in Oregon, what should I expect?

Make sure you have your government issued ID or passport available when you enter. Before you can go into the store to view and purchase cannabis you will show your government issued ID to the receptionist.

10Are there any restrictions about what kind of government issued ID I can use?

As per the OLCC the following are the only forms of Identification an Oregon licensed marijuana dispensary my accept:

  • An unexpired and unaltered U.S. state or District of Columbia driver license.
  • An unexpired and unaltered identification card issued by a U.S. state, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, United States Virgin Islands, or American Samoa, with photo, name, date of birth, and physical description.
  • An unexpired and unaltered ID card issued by a federally recognized Indian tribe with photo, name, and date of birth.
  • An unexpired and unaltered passport or unexpired and unaltered passport card.
  • An unexpired and unaltered U.S. military ID card.

* A cannabis retailer may require ID from a person in addition to what is listed above only if the ID is the person’s registry identification card.

*We CANNOT accept Nexus cards – if you are traveling from another country outside of the United States you will need to present your passport.

Here is a link to the OLCC’s guide to acceptable identification for cannabis retail shops

11Do you accept credit or debit cards?

We have an ATM machine inside the dispensary available for your use. Due to federal banking restrictions on the cannabis industry, we are a cash only business.

12Can I take Oregon Cannabis products across state lines?

You cannot legally take any Oregon cannabis products outside of the state of Oregon.

13Can I buy medical cannabis at your dispensary?

If you are an Oregon Medical Marijuana Program card holder, you may purchase medical grade cannabis and cannabis products. You will need to bring your valid OMMP card and your ID.

14How old do I have to be to come into Urban Farmacy?

All recreational cannabis customers must be 21 with a valid ID as per the list of OLCC acceptable forms of ID.

All OMMP cardholders must be 18 with both a valid OMMP card and a valid ID as per the list of OLCC acceptable forms of ID.

15My vape cartridge won’t work with my battery?

All cartridges are 510 thread and fit in most batteries. That said, this issue is single handedly responsible for more user errors and cartridge issues than any other issue. The oil viscosity and type of cartridge used by each company many be different and require a different voltage batteries. This is why each company offers a matching battery for their cartridge, to ensure that the the customer has the proper voltage battery to go with their cartridge. Having the proper voltage battery ensures that your cartridge will work and burns correctly. If you are having trouble with your cartridge make sure you are using the correct voltage battery before you assume the cartridge is defective.

16What is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol: the dominate psychoactive compound in activated cannabis. THC is the cannabinoid known for euphoric feelings associated with being high.

17What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, the second most abundant cannabinoid in activated cannabis. It delivers little to no psychoactive effects. CBD (Cannabidiol) is believed to influence your endocannabinoid system is by slowing the reuptake of your naturally occurring endogenous cannabinoids. Additionally, CBD has the potential to create a more balanced experience when consumed in conjunction with THC.

Resources:

Erowid Cannabis Page: ( Many links to many things about cannabis!)

Sativa v. Indica